Kaufman and Beghetto introduced a "four C" model of creativity; mini-c "transformative learning" involving "personally meaningful interpretations of experiences, actions, and insights"little-c everyday problem solving and creative expressionPro-C exhibited by people who are professionally or vocationally creative though not necessarily eminent and Big-C creativity considered great in the given field.
Craft makes a similar distinction between "high" and "little c" creativity.
However, none of these views are similar to the modern concept of creativity, and the individual was not seen as the cause of creation until the Renaissance. This interaction is reiterated until the task is complete, at which point not only is the task conceived of differently, but the worldview is subtly or drastically transformed as it follows the natural tendency of a worldview to attempt to resolve dissonance and seek internal consistency amongst its components, whether they be ideas, attitudes, or bits of knowledge.
Guilford  drew a distinction between convergent and divergent production commonly renamed convergent and divergent thinking. When compared to human raters, NLP techniques were shown to be reliable and valid in scoring the originality. Asked in The Republic "Will we say, of a painter, that he makes something?
Honing theory[ edit ] Honing theory, developed principally by psychologist Liane Gaboraposits that creativity arises due to the self-organizing, self-mending nature of a worldview. A computational implementation of the theory was developed based on the CLARION cognitive architecture and used to simulate relevant human data.
It becomes an intrinsic reward signal for the action selector. Positive affect makes additional cognitive material available for processing, increasing the number of cognitive elements available for association; Positive affect leads to defocused attention and a more complex cognitive context, increasing the breadth of those elements that are treated as relevant to the problem; Positive affect increases cognitive flexibility, increasing the probability that diverse cognitive elements will in fact become associated.
Essentially, Vandervert has argued that when a person is confronted with a challenging new situation, visual-spatial working memory and speech-related working memory are decomposed and re-composed fractionated by the cerebellum and then blended in the cerebral cortex in an attempt to deal with the new situation.
It makes use of the results of divergent thinking tests see below by processing them further. Creativity and intelligence as coincident sets[ edit ] Under this view, researchers posit that there are no differences in the mechanisms underlying creativity in those used in normal problem solving; and in normal problem solving, there is no need for creativity.
Thus, creativity and Intelligence problem solving are the same thing.
These tests were untimed, and given in a game-like manner aiming to facilitate creativity. High dopamine levels increase general arousal and goal directed behaviors and reduce latent inhibitionand all three effects increase the drive to generate ideas.
Other researchers have occasionally used the terms flexible thinking or fluid intelligencewhich are roughly similar to but not synonymous with creativity.
Interpretation of the results of these studies has led to several possible explanations of the sources and methods of creativity.
PASS theory of intelligence. As the agent is creating and predicting and encoding the continually growing history of actions and sensory inputs, it keeps improving the predictor or encoder, which can be implemented as an artificial neural network or some other machine learning device that can exploit regularities in the data to improve its performance over time.
Lastly, there are micro-domains. High creativity will result when an individual is:Etymology. The lexeme in the English word creativity comes from the Latin term creō "to create, make": its derivational suffixes also come from Latin.
The word "create" appeared in English as early as the 14th century, notably in Chaucer, to indicate divine creation (in The Parson's Tale).However, its modern meaning as an act of human creation did not emerge until after the Enlightenment.Download