Voyages of Christopher Columbus The voyages of Christopher Columbus Between andColumbus completed four round-trip voyages between Spain and the Americas, each voyage being sponsored by the Crown of Castile.
Columbus went to the Portuguese king to ask for a three-ship voyage for the discovery, and was rejected. His home was on the sea and Christopher longed to become an explorer and sailor. However, Europeans often had to travel through the Middle East to reach Asia.
But a hurricane, then being denied entrance to Hispaniola, and then another storm made this an unfortunate trip.
His career in exploration started when he was very young. Isabella then sent a royal guard to fetch him, and Ferdinand later claimed credit for being "the principal cause why those islands were discovered".
Numerous books about Columbus appeared in the s, and the insights of archaeologists and anthropologists began to complement those of sailors and historians. His discoveries were instrumental in the establishment of Spanish colonies in North America.
Columbus died at Valladolid on May 20,due to illness and old age.
Thus a great number of interests were involved in this adventure, which was, in essence, the attempt to find a route to the rich land of Cathay Chinato Indiaand to the fabled gold and spice islands of the East by sailing westward over what was presumed to be open sea.
He next visited Cuba and Hispaniola Dominican Republic. They pronounced the idea impractical and advised their Royal Highnesses to pass on the proposed venture. The Islamic powers had effectively closed the land routes to the East and made the sea route south from the Red Sea extremely hard to access.
But Columbus had a different idea: He had the right to nominate three persons, from whom the sovereigns would choose one, for any office in the new lands. The true figure is now known to be vastly larger: Age of Discovery Quick Facts: His second voyage in carried a large fleet with the intention of conquering the native populations and establishing colonies.
A direct assault eastward could prove difficult, because the Ottoman Empire and other Islamic states in the region had been gaining strength at a pace that was threatening the Christian monarchies themselves.
Columbus also went to Genoa, Venice, and then the Spanish monarchy of Isabella of Castille and Ferdinand of Aragon, and was rejected by all three because their focus was on war with the Muslims. He named the land San Salvador. The precise first land sighting and landing point was San Salvador Island.
Columbus was taken prisoner on board a ship and sent back to Spain.
Columbus wanted fame and fortune. Columbus also requested he be made "Great Admiral of the Ocean", appointed governor of any and all lands he discovered, and given one-tenth of all revenue from those lands. However, his journey kicked off centuries of exploration and exploitation on the American continents.
He also brought with him several natives of the islands, of whom Queen Isabella grew very fond. He chartered another vessel and reached Spain ill and discredited, and died in obscurity. During this time, people were very interested in finding a sailing route around Africa to China, Japan and India.
With the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks inthe land route to Asia became much more difficult and dangerous. At this time, Muslim nations imposed high taxes on European travels crossing through. Page 1 of 3.Christopher Columbus Timeline Timeline Description: Christopher Columbus believed the world was round.
Everyone around him said the world was flat. Everyone around him said the world was flat. Christopher was determined to prove his theory, and this timeline shows how he did it.
Christopher Columbus (also known as (Cristoforo Colombo [Italian]; Cristóbal Colón [Spanish]) was an Italian explorer credited with the “discovery” of the America’s. The purpose for his voyages was to find a passage to Asia by sailing west. The name Christopher Columbus is the Anglicisation of the Latin Christophorus Columbus.
His name in Ligurian is Cristòffa Cómbo, in Italian Cristoforo Colombo and in Spanish Cristóbal Colón. He was born before 31 October in the territory of the Republic of Genoa (now part of modern Italy), though the exact location remains disputed.
A brief biographical overview of Christopher Columbus, the explorer who discovered the Caribbean, Central, and South America for Spain. Diego Columbus, Spanish Diego Colón, (born /80, Porto Santo, Madeira Islands—died February 23,Montalbán, Spain), eldest son of Christopher Columbus and viceroy of the Indies for 15 years, who spent most of his life in legal battles to secure the Columbus claims.
Watch video · Christopher Columbus (c. to May 20, ) was an Italian explorer and navigator. Inhe sailed across the Atlantic from Spain in the Santa Maria, with the Pinta and the Niña ships alongside, hoping to find a new route to India.Download