Religion in the European Union The EU has significant religious diversity, mirroring its diverse history and culture.
European indigenous or native religions are still alive in small and diverse minorities, especially in ScandinaviaBaltic statesItaly and Greece. Simultaneously, they say, a more subtle cultural shift also occurs: Figures are derived from census data and official numbers and estimates from the respective countries.
Of the 10 EU Member States that reported a reduction in their level of population duringthree — Croatia, Latvia and Lithuania — recorded a decline largely as a result of negative net migration although this was supplemented by a relatively low negative rate of natural population change.
Proponents note that no society has ever recovered from a sustained birth rate of under 1. For any population to remain stable, it needs a "total fertility rate" of 2. Main statistical findings EU population continues to grow The current demographic situation in the EU is characterised by continuing population growth.
The table figures below are in thousands. Countries make great efforts to get statistical data from and about their population, but a complete enumeration of a population, also known as census, is very complex, extensive, and an expensive and furthermore an error-prone endeavor.
It consists of two components: This is the most up-to-date list of population figures by country, based on the latest available official statistics. The largest relative decreases in population were reported by Lithuania A total of 13 EU Member States had negative rates of natural change, with deaths outnumbering births the most in Bulgaria In Germany, Spain, Poland and Finland, the positive net migration was the sole driver of population growth, as natural population change was negative.
Germany, France, the United Kingdom and Italy together comprised more than half Population growth was unevenly distributed across the EU Member States: The increase was observed in all member countries except Germany.
Inthe highest crude rate of natural increase of population was registered in Ireland 7.
In Estonia and Italy, the decline in the population was solely due to negative natural change, while net migration was positive. The list shows the latest population figures for each country with the source of the data, mostly provided by the national statistics body.
These statistics may be used to support a range of different analyses, including studies relating to population ageing and its effects on the sustainability of public finance and welfare, the evaluation of fertility as a background for family policies, or the economic and social impact of demographic change.
The "low fertility trap" hypothesis was pioneered by demographer Dr. In the context of the annual demographic balance, Eurostat produces net migration figures by taking the difference between total population change and natural change; this concept is referred to as net migration plus statistical adjustment.
Since the number of deaths is expected to increase as the baby-boom generation continues to age, and assuming that the fertility rate remains at a relatively low level, negative natural population change more deaths than births could well continue. A birth rate of 2.
Not since the Black Death stalked Europe in the Middle Ages have we seen populations collapse like this. List of countries with their population figures. Among these five EU Member States with the highest rates of population growth, the fastest expansion in population was recorded in Luxembourg with an increase of The life expectancy at birth rose in all Member States, with the largest increases for both women and men recorded in Estonia and Slovenia.
Ina breakdown of the population by citizenship showed that there were In relative terms, Luxembourg Innet migration and statistical adjustment accounted for an increase of 1. Indeaths modestly outnumbered live births in the EU for the second time since the time series began inresulting in the aforementioned slight natural decrease in the population.
In recent years, the difference between births and deaths the natural change in population has been very low and — as noted above — a natural decrease in population numbers was recorded since when the number of deaths passed the number of births.
The latest information available is also of interest, as was the second year since the series began in when there was a slight natural decrease in the EU The problem with population figures is, they change because population is changing, in some countries faster than in others, and -- while in developing countries the numbers of inhabitants are rising in many developed countries the numbers are decreasing.
The EU faces a potential future dominated by an ever-increasing population of retired citizens, without enough younger workers to fund via taxes retirement programs or other state welfare agendas. Several EU nations do not have a Christian majority and for example in Estonia and the Czech Republic the majority have no religious affiliation.
The rate of population growth has slowed gradually in recent decades: Over a longer period, the population of the EU grew from The increase in population numbers during was smaller than that recorded during when the population of the EU had risen by 1.
Wolfgang Lutz of the Vienna Institute of Demography.
However, a grim future seems assured for much of continental Europe. European countries have experienced a decline in church attendance as well as a decline in the number of people professing a religious belief.countries, and, particularly in the European Union.
With the help of a simple demographic model this study tries to asses the growth and age distribution of the EU population giving some alternative answers on how the. (Data availability is subject to the completeness of reporting by the countries) More on this subject Population change: by comparing the population of 1 January of two consecutive years the change in population created by births, deaths and migration can be followed and its components can be identified: "natural change" (live births minus deaths) and.
European life expectancy at birth by region, But while Germany and other countries in Northwestern Europe have greater economic resilience, they don’t necessarily have every advantage on their side. With the notable exception of Norway, the European regions with higher life expectancy all cluster close to the Mediterranean.
List of countries in Europe ranked by population, from the most populous.
Growth rate, median age, fertility rate, area, density, population density, urbanization, urban population, share of world population. The country is also very representative of all of Europe with a rapidly declining population growth and an aging population.
The top 10 most populous countries in Europe are: Russia ( million)*. List of European countries by population present the list of countries, territories and dependencies located in Europe.
Transcontinental countries are included if they are members of the Council of Europe. Contents. Table Edit. European population by country (top 10).Download