What is subduction

Questions for thought What subducts - lithosphere, crust, or mantle? The volcanoes associated with subduction produce many kinds of igneous rocks, but andesite and diorite are special associations.

Earthguide at Scripps Institution of Oceanography Key points Subduction is a geological process in which the edge of a lithospheric plate slides underneath the edge of an adjacent plate.

As a descending lithospheric plate warms up at depth, it will eventually lose its ability to sustain the earthquakes that allow us to distinguish that plate from What is subduction rest of the mantle. Volcanic activity is violent and hazardous. Subduction allows oceans to close get smaller even as it grows new seafloor at the same time.

Arcs are also known to be associated with precious metals such as gold, silver and copper believed to be carried by water and concentrated in and around their host volcanoes in rock called "ore". Not surprisingly, the shallowest portions of subduction zones are known best.

Subduction zones are defined by the inclined array of earthquakes known as the Wadati—Benioff zone after the two scientists who first identified this distinctive aspect.

Accretionary wedges prism are folded and faulted piles of material that have been scraped off the tops of the subducting lithospheric plates. Subduction initiation can occur spontaneously if denser oceanic lithosphere is able to founder and sink beneath adjacent oceanic or continental lithosphere; alternatively, existing plate motions can induce new subduction zones by forcing oceanic lithosphere to rupture and sink into the asthenosphere.

The trench marks the line where subduction begins. KrakatoaNevado del Ruizand Mount Vesuvius are all examples of arc volcanoes. The Andes and Cascades are volcanic arcs.

Yin suggests that meteorite impacts may have contributed to subduction initiation on early Earth. Results from numerical models generally favor induced subduction initiation for most modern subduction zones, [8] [9] which is supported by geologic studies, [10] [11] but other analogue modeling shows the possibility of spontaneous subduction from inherent density differences between two plates at passive margins, [12] [13] and observations from the Izu-Bonin-Mariana subduction system are compatible with spontaneous subduction nucleation.

Subduction zones dive down into the mantle beneath 55, kilometers of convergent plate margins Lallemand,almost equal to the cumulative 60, kilometers of mid-ocean ridges. Subduction produces lines of volcanoes over the subducting plate, parallel to the trench and perpendicular to the direction of plate motion.

This sinking is driven by the temperature difference between the subducting oceanic lithosphere and the surrounding mantle asthenosphereas the colder oceanic lithosphere is, on average, denser. What is a typical rate of subduction? A subduction zone is the entire area of subduction between the trench and the volcanic arc.

Earth is so far the only planet where subduction is known to occur. The massive weight of these sediments could be softening the underlying rocks, making them pliable enough to plunge. Volcanic ranges produced by subduction under the edges of oceanic crust are called island arcs.

Subduction zones burrow deeply but are imperfectly camouflaged, and geophysics and geochemistry can be used to study them.


The descending slabthe subducting plate, is over-ridden by the leading edge of the other plate. Subduction is the driving force behind plate tectonicsand without it, plate tectonics could not occur.

Their descents are marked by inclined zones of earthquakes that dip away from the trench beneath the volcanoes and extend down to the kilometer discontinuity. The Pacific is concurrently closing overall and growing new seafloor at the East Paicific Rise. Volcanic activity continues for the duration of subduction over very long periods of geologic time.

Additionally, large quantities of water are introduced into cracks and fractures created as the subducting slab bends downward.Subduction zones circle the Pacific Ocean, forming the Ring of Fire.

Credit: USGS. A subduction zone is the biggest crash scene on Earth. These boundaries mark the collision between two of the. Subduction, Latin for "carried under," is a term used for a specific type of plate interaction. It happens when one lithospheric plate meets another—that is, in convergent zones—and the denser plate sinks down into the mantle.

How Subduction Happens Continents are made up of rocks that are too.


Subduction is a kind of geological recycling that occurs at convergent plate boundaries, where two tectonic plates come together due to the motion of the fluid mantle layer of the earth. subduction - a geological process in which one edge of a crustal plate is forced sideways and downward into the mantle below another plate geologic process, geological process - (geology) a natural process whereby geological features are modified.

Subduction is a geological process that takes place at convergent boundaries of tectonic plates where one plate moves under another and is forced or sinks due to gravity into the mantle.

Regions where this process occurs are known as subduction zones. Rates of subduction are typically in centimeters per year, with the average rate of. the process by which collision of the earth's crustal plates results in one plate's being drawn down or overridden by another, localized along the juncture (subduction zone) of .

What is subduction
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